The Standard Size of the Xoloitzcuintli: A Guide to Mexico's Ancient Companion

The Standard Size of the Xoloitzcuintli: A Guide to Mexico's Ancient Companion

Chontal, female standard size xoloitzcuintle (photo taken by Xolos Ramirez)
Chontal, female standard size xoloitzcuintle (photo taken by Xolos Ramirez)

The Xoloitzcuintli, often referred to as the Xolo, is a unique and ancient dog breed that has been a companion to humans for thousands of years. Native to Mexico, this breed is known for its distinctive appearance, temperament, and historical significance. One key aspect that defines the Xoloitzcuintli is its size, which varies within a standard range. In this article, we'll explore the standard size of the Xoloitzcuintli and delve into the factors that contribute to its unique dimensions.


Understanding the Xoloitzcuintli Size:


The Xoloitzcuintli comes in three sizes: toy, miniature, and standard. For the purpose of this article, we'll focus on the standard size, which is the largest among the three. The standard Xoloitzcuintli serves as a versatile and adaptable companion, exhibiting a balance of strength, agility, and grace.


Size Range:


The standard size of the Xoloitzcuintli is characterized by a specific range in height and weight. On average, male standard Xolos typically stand between 18  to 23 inches at the shoulder, while females generally measure between 16 to 21 inches. The weight of a standard Xoloitzcuintli can range from 33 to 66 pounds, with males tending to be at the higher end of the scale.


Proportions and Structure:


The standard Xoloitzcuintli is well-proportioned, with a square or slightly longer-than-tall build. The body is muscular and lean, reflecting the breed's agility and endurance. The head is distinctive, displaying a moderate stop, a well-defined muzzle, and large, expressive almond-shaped eyes. The ears can be either large and erect or semi-erect, adding to the breed's unique appearance.


Coat Varieties:


While size is a critical factor in defining the standard Xoloitzcuintli, the breed is further distinguished by its coat varieties. Xolos come in three coat types: hairless, coated, and a variation known as "powderpuff," which has a short, soft undercoat beneath a longer, flat-lying outer coat. The standard size can be found in all three coat varieties, providing prospective owners with options to suit their preferences.


Temperament and Character:


Beyond its physical attributes, the standard Xoloitzcuintli is known for its loyal and calm temperament. These dogs are often reserved with strangers but form strong bonds with their families. They are intelligent, trainable, and adaptable to various living situations, making them suitable companions for both urban and rural environments.




The standard size of the Xoloitzcuintli encapsulates the essence of this ancient Mexican breed. With its unique appearance, versatile size, and amiable temperament, the standard Xoloitzcuintli continues to capture the hearts of dog enthusiasts worldwide. Whether as a loyal family companion or a guardian of ancient traditions, the standard Xoloitzcuintli stands as a testament to the enduring bond between humans and their canine counterparts.

Somos Xolos Ramirez, El Mejor Criadero Xoloitzcuintle en México.

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